What are the legal working hours and minimum annual leave for employees?

The maximum number of working hours of employees is fixed at eight hours a day and 48 hours a week in total. In some types of works, as stipulated by law, the employer and the employee may agree to arrange the period of working hours but the working hours in any case must not exceed 48 hours a week. In establishments in which the work is deemed injurious to health or personal safety, as stipulated by law, working hours must not exceed seven hours a day and 42 hours a week in total.

All employees are entitled to a daily rest period of at least one hour after working for five consecutive hours. The employer and the employee may arrange the daily rest period to be shorter than one hour at each time but it must not be less than one hour a day in total. A weekly holiday of at least one day a week at intervals of a six day period must be arranged for the employee.

For work performed in excess of the maximum number of working hours fixed either by law or by specific agreement (if the latter is lower), employees must be paid overtime compensation. The rates of overtime vary and range from one-and-a-half times to three times the normal average hourly wage rate for the actual overtime worked. Certain employees engaged in employment related work on behalf of the employer and other types of work as prescribed by law are not entitled to overtime compensation. The maximum number of overtime working hours is limited to not more than 36 hours a week.

All employees are entitled to unlimited sick leave, but the number of days of paid leave shall not exceed 30 regular work days a year. The employer may require an employee to produce a certificate from a qualified doctor for a sick leave of three days or more.

An employee who has worked consecutively for one year is entitled to at least six working days of paid vacation every year, in addition to the 13 holidays in a year traditionally observed in Thailand. A female employee is entitled to maternity leave for a period of 90 days including holidays, but the number of days paid leave shall not exceed 45 days.

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